Injection of 2 micrograms (+/-)-baclofen into the ventromedial hypothalamus (VMH) of urethane-anaesthetized rats resulted in an increase in gastric tone and amplitude of contractions. This effect was curtailed by administration of atropine methyl nitrate (20 mg/kg i.p.) or bilateral cervical vagotomy. These results provide evidence for a hypothalamic modulation of gastric motility by the vagus. Baclofen, possibly acting on receptors insensitive to gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), may be mimicking a vagal activation system, located within the ventro-medial hypothalamus.