An evidence-based approach to emergency department patients at risk for posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms

Emerg Med Pract. 2023 Jan 1;25(1):1-28. Epub 2023 Jan 1.


Approximately one-quarter of emergency department patients who are injured or experience medical emergencies will develop clinically significant posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, which can evolve into PTSD. Emergency clinicians and rapid response teams (eg, trauma, cardiac, stroke) can play a critical role in recognizing symptoms of posttraumatic stress and providing early distress management techniques, screening, and referral to services that may mitigate the development of PTSD. This review summarizes the existing literature on psychological distress related to events that trigger the need for emergency care and synthesizes cutting-edge approaches that may impact patient outcomes.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Accidents, Traffic / psychology
  • Emergency Medical Services*
  • Emergency Service, Hospital
  • Humans
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic* / prevention & control
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic* / therapy
  • Stroke*