A novel DSPP frameshift mutation causing dentin dysplasia type 2 and disease management strategies

Oral Dis. 2023 Sep;29(6):2394-2400. doi: 10.1111/odi.14494. Epub 2023 Jan 13.


The present study aims to investigate the mutation in a Chinese family with dentin dysplasia type II (DD-II) and to summarize mutation hotspots, clinical manifestations, and disease management strategies. Phenotype analysis, clinical intervention, mutation screening, and cosegregation analysis within the enrolled family were performed. A summary of the reported mutations in the dentin phosphoprotein (DPP) region of dentin sialophosphoprotein (DSPP) was analyzed. Pathogenicity prediction analysis of the physical properties and function of DSPP variants was performed by bioinformatic processing. Clinical management strategies are discussed. A novel pathogenic mutation (c.2035delA) in the DPP region of DSPP was identified, which was cosegregated in the family. The immature permanent teeth of patients with DD-II presented with X-shaped root canal phenotypes. Most of the identified mutations for DD-II were clustered in the DPP region between nucleotides 1686-2134. Points of differential diagnosis, clinical interventions, and management strategies are proposed. This study revealed a novel DSPP frameshift mutation and presented new clinical features of DD-II. The locus involving nucleotides 1686-2134 of DSPP may represent a mutational hotspot for the disease. Appropriate management of DD-II at different stages is important to avoid the development of secondary dental lesions.

Keywords: dentin dysplasia; dentin sialophosphoprotein; genotype; phenotype.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Dentin
  • Dentin Dysplasia* / genetics
  • Dentin Dysplasia* / pathology
  • Dentin Dysplasia* / therapy
  • Dentinogenesis Imperfecta* / genetics
  • Dentinogenesis Imperfecta* / therapy
  • Disease Management
  • Extracellular Matrix Proteins / genetics
  • Frameshift Mutation
  • Humans
  • Hyperplasia / pathology
  • Mutation
  • Nucleotides
  • Phosphoproteins / genetics
  • Sialoglycoproteins / genetics


  • Extracellular Matrix Proteins
  • Nucleotides
  • Phosphoproteins
  • Sialoglycoproteins
  • dentin sialophosphoprotein