Diagnosis and management of vaginal leiomyoma: A case report and literature review

Ginekol Pol. 2023 Jan 4. doi: 10.5603/GP.a2022.0145. Online ahead of print.


Objectives: Leiomyomas are benign mesenchymal tumors that consist of smooth muscle cells and varying amounts of fibrous stroma. Uterine leiomyomas are the most common, affecting 20% to 30% of reproductive-age women, but vaginal leiomyomas are rare. Treatments gradually diversify with increased awareness of vaginal leiomyoma, but transvaginal fibroid resection remains the commonly used scheme.

Case report: Herein, we present the case of a 50-year-old asymptomatic woman who had a mass in the left anterior wall of the vagina discovered by gynecological examination and ultrasound. We used oxytocin diluent injection during surgery to create a water pad in the tissue space and then performed a transvaginal myomectomy. There was little or negligible intraoperative bleeding and no peripheral tissue injury, early or late postoperative complications, incision dehiscence, and no surgical site infection.

Conclusions: Transvaginal ultrasonography is the preferred examination for vaginal leiomyomas, and transvaginal myomectomy is the classic treatment method. The formation of a water pad with oxytocin dilution can effectively reduce intraoperative bleeding and shorten surgery time.

Keywords: case report; leiomyoma; transvaginal myomectomy; vaginal mass.