Multi-modality management of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

Hosp Pract (1995). 2023 Feb;51(1):2-11. doi: 10.1080/21548331.2022.2162297. Epub 2023 Jan 10.


Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is an autosomal dominant inherited condition defined by left ventricular wall thickness greater than 15 mm in the absence of other conditions that could explain that degree of hypertrophy. Obstructive HCM associated with left ventricular outflow tract obstruction is defined by an intraventricular systolic pressure gradient greater than or equal to 30 mm Hg. Over the past couple of decades, there has been an expansion of both invasive and pharmacotherapeutic options for patients with HCM, with recent guidelines calling for a melody of invasive and non-invasive treatment strategies. There are several invasive therapies including proven therapies such as alcohol septal ablation and septal myectomy. Novel invasive therapies such as MitraClip, radiofrequency septal ablation and SESAME procedure have more recently been promoted. Pharmacological therapy has also dramatically evolved and includes conventional medications such as beta-blockers, calcium channel blockers, and disopyramide. Mavacamten, a novel cardiac myosin inhibitor, may significantly change management. Other myosin inhibitors and modulators are also being developed and tested in large clinical trials. Given significant phenotypical variability in patients with HCM, clinical management can be challenging, and often requires an individualized approach with a combination of invasive and non-invasive options.

Keywords: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; MitraClip; ablation; hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy; invasive management; left ventricular outflow tract obstruction; mavacamten; myectomy; myosin; pharmacotherapy.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic* / complications
  • Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic* / therapy
  • Humans
  • Treatment Outcome