Examining the Potential for Koebnerization and Disease Precipitation in Cicatricial Alopecias

J Drugs Dermatol. 2023 Jan 1;22(1):29-34. doi: 10.36849/JDD.6849.


The treatment of primary scarring alopecias is challenging and patients may be susceptible to koebnerization. This predisposes cicatricial alopecia patients to worsening of their disease following procedural treatments or interventions. Research and recommendations surrounding the risk for koebnerization within scarring alopecias is extremely limited. Using a comprehensive literature review, we summarized the risks of procedures in potentially koebnerizing alopecias. We evaluated the risk not only with procedural treatments, but also with common elective cosmetic procedures and potentially trauma-inducing hairstyling techniques. Although additional studies are needed to better elucidate the risks of procedural treatments within primary scarring alopecia, we believe this review of the current evidence and expert insight will benefit healthcare providers and patients alike to help guide treatments in this challenging patient population. J Drugs Dermatol. 2023;22(1):29-34. doi:10.36849/JDD.6849.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Alopecia* / diagnosis
  • Alopecia* / drug therapy
  • Alopecia* / etiology
  • Cicatrix* / diagnosis
  • Cicatrix* / etiology
  • Cicatrix* / therapy
  • Health Personnel
  • Humans