A Study on the Injury Rate of Spanish Competitive Athletes as a Consequence of the COVID-19 Pandemic Lockdown

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2022 Dec 27;20(1):420. doi: 10.3390/ijerph20010420.


The COVID-19 lockdown may have had collateral effects on the conditions of athletes, with possible increases in injury risks upon the return to sports. Due to the existence of multiple factors of injury risks based on the lockdown and the return to sports, the aim of this study was to analyze the injury rates after the lockdown in competitive athletes. A non-experimental quantitative design based on a survey was carried out, and 94 athletes (42 males and 52 females; 23.57 ± 6.20 years) participated. Statistical analyses were carried out using non-parametric tests. Injury rates did not increase significantly after the lockdown, and there were no statistical differences between performance levels, types of sports, the design of a specific training program by sports professionals during the lockdown, the moment of injury, and the mechanism of injury. It is important to develop injury prevention protocols to prepare athletes after such a long period of detraining.

Keywords: competitive sport; fitness; injury prevention; physical health.

MeSH terms

  • Athletes
  • COVID-19* / epidemiology
  • Communicable Disease Control
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Pandemics*
  • Return to Sport

Grant support

This research received no external funding.