Machine Learning Method for Fatigue Strength Prediction of Nickel-Based Superalloy with Various Influencing Factors

Materials (Basel). 2022 Dec 21;16(1):46. doi: 10.3390/ma16010046.


The accurate prediction of fatigue performance is of great engineering significance for the safe and reliable service of components. However, due to the complexity of influencing factors on fatigue behavior and the incomplete understanding of the fatigue failure mechanism, it is difficult to correlate well the influence of various factors on fatigue performance. Machine learning could be used to deal with the association or influence of complex factors due to its good nonlinear approximation and multi-variable learning ability. In this paper, the gradient boosting regression tree model, the long short-term memory model and the polynomial regression model with ridge regularization in machine learning are used to predict the fatigue strength of a nickel-based superalloy GH4169 under different temperatures, stress ratios and fatigue life in the literature. By dividing different training and testing sets, the influence of the composition of data in the training set on the predictive ability of the machine learning method is investigated. The results indicate that the machine learning method shows great potential in the fatigue strength prediction through learning and training limited data, which could provide a new means for the prediction of fatigue performance incorporating complex influencing factors. However, the predicted results are closely related to the data in the training set. More abundant data in the training set is necessary to achieve a better predictive capability of the machine learning model. For example, it is hard to give good predictions for the anomalous data if the anomalous data are absent in the training set.

Keywords: fatigue strength prediction; machine learning; nickel-based superalloy; stress ratio; temperature.

Grants and funding

This research was funded by National Natural Science Foundation of the China Basic Science Center for “Multiscale Problems in Nonlinear Mechanics” (No. 11988102), the Youth Fund of National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 12202446) and the Opening Fund of the Key Laboratory of Aero-engine Thermal Environment and Structure, Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (No. CEPE2022004).