The optimal hormone replacement therapy (HRT) in women who have undergone pelvic clearance for endometriosis remains uncertain with insufficient evidence. The purpose of this case report and the national survey was to highlight the potential HRT-related risks and to establish current HRT practice in this group of women. The case was a 45-year-old woman presenting with recurrence of severe chronic pelvic pain while on oestrogen-only HRT (EO-HRT) for five years after subtotal hysterectomy and bilateral oophorectomy for severe endometriosis. MRI revealed multiple peri-cervical endometriomas and severe right hydroureter/hydronephrosis with complete right renal parenchymal loss. The survey was a 21-item questionnaire administered electronically using SurveyMonkey. It was reviewed and approved by British Menopause Society and British Society of Gynaecological endoscopy and was sent to their members as well as NHS Gynaecologists. A total of 216 physicians responded including 120 (55.6%) Gynaecology Consultants and 96 (44.4%) GPs/Nurses in Menopause clinics. Overall, 68.6% of responders prescribe combined HRT (C-HRT), 11.1% tibolone, 13.0% EO-HRT and 7.8% varied HRT. Fifty-one percent prescribe the progestogen component of C-HRT indefinitely, 22% for 3-6 months and 27% for varied durations. In conclusion, this study highlights the real risk of endometriosis recurrence in EO-HRT users after pelvic clearance for endometriosis. The survey revealed that only two thirds of Gynecologists/Menopause practitioners prescribe combined HRT in this group of women.
Keywords: HRT; chronic pelvic pain; endometriosis; hysterectomy; menopause.