Electrospun Polymer Nanofibers: Processing, Properties, and Applications

Polymers (Basel). 2022 Dec 23;15(1):65. doi: 10.3390/polym15010065.


Electrospun polymer nanofibers (EPNF) constitute one of the most important nanomaterials with diverse applications. An overall review of EPNF is presented here, starting with an introduction to the most attractive features of these materials, which include the high aspect ratio and area to volume ratio as well as excellent processability through various production techniques. A review of these techniques is featured with a focus on electrospinning, which is the most widely used, with a detailed description and different types of the process. Polymers used in electrospinning are also reviewed with the solvent effect highlighted, followed by a discussion of the parameters of the electrospinning process. The mechanical properties of EPNF are discussed in detail with a focus on tests and techniques used for determining them, followed by a section for other properties including electrical, chemical, and optical properties. The final section is dedicated to the most important applications for EPNF, which constitute the driver for the relentless pursuit of their continuous development and improvement. These applications include biomedical application such as tissue engineering, wound healing and dressing, and drug delivery systems. In addition, sensors and biosensors applications, air filtration, defense applications, and energy devices are reviewed. A brief conclusion is presented at the end with the most important findings and directions for future research.

Keywords: biomedical application; composite materials functional nanofiber; electrospinning; energy storage separation; mechanical properties; polymer nanofibers; polymer processing.

Publication types

  • Review

Grants and funding

This research received no external funding.