Deep-learning-based inverse design of three-dimensional architected cellular materials with the target porosity and stiffness using voxelized Voronoi lattices

Sci Technol Adv Mater. 2023 Jan 4;24(1):2157682. doi: 10.1080/14686996.2022.2157682. eCollection 2023.


Architected cellular materials are a class of artificial materials with cellular architecture-dependent properties. Typically, designing cellular architectures paves the way to generate architected cellular materials with specific properties. However, most previous studies have primarily focused on a forward design strategy, wherein a geometry is generated using computer-aided design modeling, and its properties are investigated experimentally or via simulations. In this study, we developed an inverse design framework for a disordered architected cellular material (Voronoi lattices) using deep learning. This inverse design framework is a three-dimensional conditional generative adversarial network (3D-CGAN) trained based on supervised learning using a dataset consisting of voxelized Voronoi lattices and their corresponding relative densities and Young's moduli. A well-trained 3D-CGAN adopts variational sampling to generate multiple distinct Voronoi lattices with the target relative density and Young's modulus. Consequently, the mechanical properties of the 3D-CGAN generated Voronoi lattices are validated through uniaxial compression tests and finite element simulations. The inverse design framework demonstrates potential for use in bone implants, where scaffold implants can be automatically generated with the target relative density and Young's modulus.

Keywords: Architected materials; Voronoi lattices; finite element simulation; generative adversarial network; inverse design; mechanical properties.

Grants and funding

This research was supported by a Grant-in-Aid for JSPS Fellows DC2 (Grant Number 22J11202) and the Core Research for Evolutional Science and Technology (CREST) program “Revolution material development by fusion of strong experiments with theory/data science” of the Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST), Japan, under Grant JPMJCR19J3.