Noncompaction (NC) cardiomyopathy (NCCM) is a rare, genetically heterogeneous cardiomyopathy (CM) caused by failure to compact the intertrabecular recesses of the myocardium. This condition usually affects the apical segment of the left ventricle, yet there are noted basal segment, biventricular, and right ventricular predominant cases. NCCM is largely diagnosed in the pediatric population; however, there is increasing recognition in older patients with heart failure and stroke and patients with arrhythmias. Treatment focuses on symptomatic management of heart failure, anticoagulation, and implantable cardiac defibrillators.
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