Idecabtagene Vicleucel for Relapsed/Refractory Multiple Myeloma: Real-World Experience From the Myeloma CAR T Consortium

J Clin Oncol. 2023 Apr 10;41(11):2087-2097. doi: 10.1200/JCO.22.01365. Epub 2023 Jan 9.


Purpose: Idecabtagene vicleucel (ide-cel) is an autologous B-cell maturation antigen-directed chimeric antigen receptor T-cell therapy approved for relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM) on the basis of the phase II pivotal KarMMa trial, which demonstrated best overall and ≥ complete response rates of 73% and 33%, respectively. We report clinical outcomes with standard-of-care (SOC) ide-cel under the commercial Food and Drug Administration label.

Methods: Data were retrospectively collected from patients with RRMM who underwent leukapheresis as of February 28, 2022, at 11 US institutions with intent to receive SOC ide-cel. Toxicities were graded per American Society for Transplantation and Cellular Therapy guidelines and managed according to each institution's policies. Responses were graded on the basis of the International Myeloma Working Group response criteria.

Results: One hundred fifty-nine of 196 leukapheresed patients received ide-cel by data cutoff. One hundred twenty (75%) infused patients would have been ineligible for participation in the KarMMa clinical trial because of comorbidities at the time of leukapheresis. Any grade and grade ≥ 3 cytokine release syndrome and neurotoxicity occurred in 82/3% and 18/6%, respectively. Best overall and ≥ complete response rates were 84% and 42%, respectively. At a median follow-up of 6.1 months from chimeric antigen receptor T infusion, the median progression-free survival was 8.5 months (95% CI, 6.5 to not reached) and the median overall survival was 12.5 months (95% CI, 11.3 to not reached). Patients with previous exposure to B-cell maturation antigen-targeted therapy, high-risk cytogenetics, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status ≥ 2 at lymphodepletion, and younger age had inferior progression-free survival on multivariable analysis.

Conclusion: The safety and efficacy of ide-cel in patients with RRMM in the SOC setting were comparable with those in the phase II pivotal KarMMa trial despite most patients (75%) not meeting trial eligibility criteria.

MeSH terms

  • B-Cell Maturation Antigen
  • Cytokine Release Syndrome
  • Humans
  • Immunotherapy, Adoptive
  • Multiple Myeloma*
  • Receptors, Chimeric Antigen*
  • Retrospective Studies


  • idecabtagene vicleucel
  • Receptors, Chimeric Antigen
  • B-Cell Maturation Antigen