Triglyceride content of lipoprotein subclasses and kidney hemodynamic function and injury in adolescents with type 1 diabetes

J Diabetes Complications. 2023 Feb;37(2):108384. doi: 10.1016/j.jdiacomp.2022.108384. Epub 2022 Dec 13.


Aims: Elevated triglycerides (TG) are associated with development and progression of kidney disease, and TG distributions across lipoprotein subclasses predict kidney dysfunction in adults with type 1 diabetes (T1D). Little is known regarding these relationships in youth.

Methods: In this single center study conducted from October 2018-2019, lipid constituents from lipoprotein subclasses were quantified by targeted nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Glomerular filtration rate (GFR), renal plasma flow (RPF), afferent arteriolar resistance (RA), efferent arteriolar resistance (RE), intraglomerular pressure (PGLO), urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio (UACR), and chitinase-3-like protein 1 (YKL-40), a marker of kidney tubule injury, were assessed. Cross-sectional relationships were assessed by correlation and multivariable linear regression (adjusted for age, sex, HbA1c) models.

Results: Fifty youth with T1D (age 16 ± 3 years, 50 % female, HbA1c 8.7 ± 1.3 %, T1D duration 5.7 ± 2.6 years) were included. Very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL)-TG concentrations correlated and associated with intraglomerular hemodynamic function markers including GFR, PGLO, UACR, as did small low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-TG and small high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-TG. YKL-40 correlated with all lipoprotein subclasses.

Conclusion: TG within lipoprotein subclasses, particularly VLDL, associated with PGLO, GFR, albuminuria, and YKL-40. Lipid perturbations may serve as novel targets to mitigate early kidney disease.

Trial registration: NCT03618420.

Keywords: Intraglomerular hemodynamic function; Lipoprotein subclasses; Triglycerides; Type 1 diabetes; Youth.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Chitinase-3-Like Protein 1
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1*
  • Female
  • Glycated Hemoglobin
  • Hemodynamics
  • Humans
  • Kidney
  • Lipoproteins
  • Male
  • Triglycerides
  • Young Adult


  • Chitinase-3-Like Protein 1
  • Glycated Hemoglobin
  • Lipoproteins
  • Triglycerides

Associated data