Most gastric cancers develop in inflamed gastric mucosa due to Helicobacter pylori infection, typically with metaplastic changes. However, the origins of gastric cancer remain unknown. Here, we present a case of intramucosal gastric carcinoma (IGC) and oxyntic gland adenoma (OGA) derived from spasmolytic polypeptide-expressing metaplasia (SPEM). Early gastric cancer adjacent to a polyp was found in the upper corpus of a 71-year-old woman without H. pylori infection and was endoscopically resected. Histological examination showed IGC and OGA, both of which had predominant MUC6 expression. Interestingly, gastric glands with enriched MUC6-positive mucous cells, referred to as SPEM, expanded between them. Whole-exome sequencing analysis revealed a truncating KRAS(G12D) mutation in IGC, OGA, and SPEM. In addition, TP53 and CDKN2A mutations and a loss of chromosome 17p were found in the IGC, whereas a GNAS mutation was observed in the OGA. These results indicated that IGC and OGA originated from the KRAS-mutated SPEM. © 2023 The Pathological Society of Great Britain and Ireland.
Keywords: KRAS mutation; gastric cancer; pseudopyloric metaplasia; spasmolytic polypeptide-expressing metaplasia; whole-exome sequencing.
© 2023 The Pathological Society of Great Britain and Ireland.