Integral valorisation of tomato by-products towards bioactive compounds recovery: Human health benefits

Food Chem. 2022 Dec 30;410:135319. doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2022.135319. Online ahead of print.

Abstract

The tomato processing industry is one of the world's most important markets. This industry aims to optimise production, minimise energy costs and waste streams while ensuring high-quality products. This sector produces substantial amounts of by-products frequently disposed of as waste rather than reintroducing them with a new intent into the supply chain. However, these by-products are rich in bioactive compounds (BC), including carotenoids, fibre, which exhibit antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and chemopreventive properties, and cardiovascular protection. Reusing these compounds is favourable to reducing the environmental impact and enables the development of added-value products with various possible uses such as food and feed additives, nutraceuticals, cosmeceuticals, etc. This review summarises relevant issues towards the recovery and valorisation of BC from industrial tomato by-products within a circular economy context.

Keywords: Bioaccessibility; Bioavailability; Biological properties; Carotenoids; Tomato valorisation.