Breast cancer is a disease with significant health disparity affecting mortality in minority women. The present study examined the genetic makeup of breast cancers in African-American and Hispanic/Latinx patients to determine specific genetic mutations associated with breast cancer in the minority population from South Los Angeles, United States. Whole-exome sequencing was performed on DNA extracted from breast cancer tumor biopsies collected from 13 African-American and 15 Hispanic women and 8 matched-normal samples for each ethnic category. The results were analyzed using Ensemble Variant Effect Predictor and Mutation Significance. Additionally, a comparative analysis with The Cancer Genome Atlas data was provided. Our data revealed somatic mutations in genes such as SET domain containing (lysine methyltransferase) 8, serine protease 1 and AT-rich interaction domain 1B (ARID1B) and known breast cancer genes, such as BRCA1/2, TP53 and the DNA damage response genes across all ethnicities. Additionally, Hispanic patients had BRCA1 associated RING domain 1B (BARD1) variants, while African-American patients had higher numbers of nonsynonymous variants in the RAD51 paralog B (RAD51B), ARID1B and X-ray repair cross complementing 3 (XRCC3) genes. In addition, our patients exhibited mutational signature enrichment that indicated DNA homologous recombination repair deficiencies. Therefore, African-American and Hispanic breast cancer samples showed considerable overlap in breast cancer genetic mutations. However, there are differences in specific genetic variants in TP53, BRCA1/2, BARD1 or ARID1B, which will require further study of their role in tumorigenesis.
Keywords: African-American; Hispanic; breast cancer; exome; health disparity; variants.
Copyright: © Dutta et al.