Knowledge regarding Basic Life Support among Health Care Workers of the Hospital of Nepal

J Healthc Eng. 2023 Jan 5;2023:9936114. doi: 10.1155/2023/9936114. eCollection 2023.


Basic life support refers to a sequence of care provided to patients who are experiencing respiratory arrest, cardiac arrest, or airway obstruction. It is a specific level of prehospital medical care provided by the trained responders, including emergency medical technicians, in the absence of advanced medical care to maintain the patient's life. BLS course trains participants to promptly recognize several life-threatening emergencies, give high-quality chest compressions, deliver appropriate ventilations, and provide early use of an AED. According to American Heart Association (AHA) guidelines, every missed minute in applying defibrillation in a cardiac arrest decreases the survival rate by 70%-10%. According to European Resuscitation Council (ERC), early resuscitation and prompt defibrillation (within 1-2 minutes) can result in >60% survival. A quantitative, descriptive study design is used in this study. A purposive sampling technique was used, and the sample size was 95. A self-structuredclose-ended questionnaire was used to assess the level of knowledge of the participants. The finding revealed that among 95 participants, only 12% had adequate, 55% had moderate, and 32% had inadequate knowledge about Basic Life Support. The study showed that knowledge among healthcare workers about basic life support is insufficient for the majority of participants. There is a significant association between dependent and independent variables.

MeSH terms

  • Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation* / methods
  • Emergency Medical Services* / methods
  • Health Personnel
  • Heart Arrest* / therapy
  • Hospitals
  • Humans
  • Nepal
  • United States