Purpose: Prior to a lower extremity joint replacement, many surgical candidates participate in a preoperative occupational therapy educational program that is meant to increase patient awareness, promote positive health behaviors, and improve health outcomes after surgery. With the limited number of occupational therapists in Saudi Arabia, patients may only receive one preoperative educational session. The objective of the study was to explore the efficacy of one preoperative occupational therapy educational session for patients undergoing a lower extremity joint replacement.
Methods: A total of 19 participants were included in the study, 7 participants to the intervention and 12 participants to the control groups. Participants underwent either a total knee or total hip replacement. The intervention group received one preoperative educational session prior to the surgery and the control group received usual care. After the surgery, both groups were assessed on pain (SF-MPQ), Satisfaction (SPSQ), Quality of life (QOLS), functional performance (FIM). Mann-Whitney U-tests were used to compare between groups.
Results: The findings showed significant improvements in both pain (12.14 ± 7.22 vs 21.25 ± 8.60; p=0.02) and satisfaction (106.28 ± 25.17 vs 78.08 ± 31.49; p=0.03) when compared to usual care. Although both FIM and QOLS scores indicated improvements when compared to usual care, these results were not statistically significant. Effect sizes showed moderate and large effects for score differences on both the SF-MPQ and SPSQ (r= 0.47, r=0.52) respectively. Whereas effect sizes for score differences on both the FIM and QOLS were small.
Conclusion: An occupational therapy preoperative education session shows promise for patients undergoing lower extremity joint replacement; however, further research is needed to confirm these findings.
Keywords: FIM; education; joint replacement; occupational therapy; pain; quality of life; satisfaction.
© 2023 Al-Heizan et al.