Genotype and phenotype characteristics of RHO-associated retinitis pigmentosa in the Japanese population

Jpn J Ophthalmol. 2023 Mar;67(2):138-148. doi: 10.1007/s10384-023-00975-y. Epub 2023 Jan 17.


Purpose: To identify the genotypic and phenotypic characteristics of rhodopsin (RHO)-associated retinitis pigmentosa (RP) in the Japanese population.

Study design: Cross-sectional, single-center study METHODS: The medical records of 1336 patients with RP who underwent genetic testing at our clinic between November 2008 and September 2021 were reviewed, and patients with RHO variants were included. The patients were divided into class A and class B to assess genotype-phenotype correlations based on previous reports. The clinical findings, including best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), OCT parameters (ellipsoid zone [EZ] width and central retinal thickness [CRT]), and presence of macular degeneration, of the 2 groups were compared.

Results: The study included 28 patients diagnosed with RHO-associated RP (class A, 19; class B, 9). The BCVA was significantly worse in class A patients than in class B patients (P = 0.045). Superior EZ width was significantly shorter in class A than in class B patients (P = 0.016). Class A patients tended to have thinner CRT and shorter inferior EZ width than those of class B patients, although this difference was not significant. Macular degeneration was observed in 61.5% of class A and 12.5% of class B patients, demonstrating that macular degeneration can be a common complication in class A variants.

Conclusion: Patients with class A variants presented with a severer form of RP than that of patients with class B variants in the Japanese population. These results suggest that the phenotype of RHO-associated RP is linked to the location of the variants and that such a genotype-phenotype correlation is less affected by ethnicities with different genetic backgrounds.

Keywords: Genetic diagnosis; Genotype-phenotype correlation; Japanese population; Retinitis pigmentosa; Rhodopsin.

MeSH terms

  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • East Asian People
  • Genotype
  • Humans
  • Macular Degeneration*
  • Phenotype
  • Retinitis Pigmentosa* / diagnosis
  • Retinitis Pigmentosa* / genetics
  • Rhodopsin / genetics
  • Tomography, Optical Coherence / methods


  • Rhodopsin