Safety of whole seeds of oilseed rape (Brassica napus L emend. Metzg.) as a novel food pursuant to Regulation (EU) 2015/2283

EFSA J. 2023 Jan 12;21(1):e07706. doi: 10.2903/j.efsa.2023.7706. eCollection 2023 Jan.


Following a request from the European Commission, the EFSA Panel on Nutrition, Novel Foods and Food Allergens (NDA) was asked to deliver an opinion on whole seeds of oilseed rape as a novel food (NF) pursuant to Regulation (EU) 2015/2283. The NF consists of seeds of oilseed rape, in particular double low white flowering varieties of Brassica napus (oilseed rape Brassica napus L. emend. Metzg). The NF's oilseed rape is produced following drying, cleaning and storage procedures traditionally used for oilseed rape in oil production. The NF is proposed to be used as an ingredient in 'Bread and rolls with special ingredients added' and 'Gluten free bread'. The target population is the general population. The highest daily intake of the NF was estimated for young children as 92.6 mg/kg body weight (bw) per day. The Panel notes that intakes of the NF can result in considerably increased levels of glucosinolates consumption as compared to intakes of glucosinolates from background diets. The Panel asked the applicant for additional studies to support the safety of the NF, but these were not provided. The Panel concludes that the safety of whole seeds of oilseed rape under the proposed conditions of use has not been established.

Keywords: Brassica; novel foods; oilseed rape; rapeseed; safety.