Associations between interleukin 17A and 17F polymorphisms and asthma susceptibility: A meta-analysis

Int J Immunogenet. 2023 Apr;50(2):53-62. doi: 10.1111/iji.12611. Epub 2023 Jan 19.


Owing to their role in inflammatory reactions and immunological responses as well as their chromosomal location, interleukin (IL) 17A and 17F are regarded as candidate causal genes associated with asthma. The aim of this study was to determine whether IL17 polymorphisms are associated with susceptibility to asthma. We used the PubMed/Medline and Embase databases to search for studies reporting IL17 polymorphisms in patients with asthma and healthy controls. Meta-analyses were conducted to determine the associations between IL17A rs8193036 (-737C/T), rs2275913 (-197G/A), rs3819024 (A/G), rs3748067 (C/T), and rs4711998 (A/G) and IL17F rs763780 (7488A/G), rs2397084 (T/C), rs1889570 (C/T), rs11465553 (G/A), and rs1266828 (T/C) polymorphisms and asthma susceptibility. A total of 20 studies were included in this meta-analysis. Our results revealed the IL17A rs8193036 CC genotype was associated with asthma susceptibility (odds ratio [OR] = 1.490, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.027-2.161, p = .036). However, stratification by ethnicity indicated no association between this polymorphism and asthma in European and Asian subjects. Furthermore, no association was found between this polymorphism and asthma using the allele contrast, dominant or homozygous contrast models. No evidence of an association was found between any of the other IL17A and IL17F polymorphisms and asthma susceptibility in this meta-analysis. This meta-analysis showed that, among the studied polymorphisms, only the CC genotype of IL17A rs8193036 is associated with asthma susceptibility.

Keywords: asthma; interleukin 17; meta-analysis; polymorphism.

Publication types

  • Meta-Analysis

MeSH terms

  • Asthma* / genetics
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease*
  • Genotype
  • Humans
  • Interleukin-17 / genetics
  • Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide


  • Interleukin-17
  • IL17A protein, human
  • IL17F protein, human