Objectives: This study was designed to compare efficiency and quality metrics between percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) procedures using optical coherence tomography (OCT) guided by a variable workflow versus a standardized workflow in a real-world population.
Background: The LightLab (LL) Initiative was designed to evaluate the impact of a standardized OCT workflow during PCI to address barriers to adoption.
Methods: The LL Initiative was a multicenter, prospective, observational study. PCI efficiency data were collected from 1/21/19 to 1/8/21 from 45 physicians at 17 US centers. OCT-guided PCIs were compared between baseline phase (variable workflow; N = 383) and the LL workflow utilization phase (N = 447). The LL workflow uses OCT to assess lesion Morphology, Length and Diameter, and then optimize outcomes by correcting for Medial dissection, stent mal-Apposition, and under-eXpansion (MLD MAX). Matching based on propensity scores was used to control for differences between PCIs.
Results: After propensity matching, 291 paired procedures were included. Integration of the LL versus variable workflow resulted in no difference in procedure time (51 min vs. 51 min, p = 0.93). There was a reduction in radiation exposure (1124 mGy vs. 1493 mGy, p < 0.0001) and contrast volume (160 cc vs. 172 cc, p < 0.001). The LL workflow decreased the proportion of underexpanded lesions (34% vs. 54%, p < 0.0001) and improved minimum stent expansion (85% vs. 79%, p < 0.0001). Number of noncompliant balloons used was reduced with the LL workflow. (2.0 vs. 1.7, p < 0.01).
Conclusions: These data suggest that standardizing imaging with the LL workflow may overcome barriers to imaging and improve PCI outcomes without prolonging procedures.
Keywords: efficiency; optical coherence tomography (OCT); workflow.
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