Background: The indications for hip arthroscopy have been increasing, as have been the number of patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty (THA) after hip arthroscopy. Several matched cohort studies have assessed the impact of prior hip arthroscopy on THA, but conflicting results have been observed. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of prior arthroscopy on subsequent THA.
Methods: This systematic review and meta-analysis were performed in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) 2020 checklist. PubMed, the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), and the Cochrane Library were searched to identify relevant studies. Dichotomous variables were summarized qualitatively as a meta-analysis of pooled odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs), and continuous variables were summarized as standardized mean differences and 95% CIs. P-values <0.05 were considered statistically significant. The risk of bias was evaluated for each study, as was publication bias.
Results: In patients who underwent hip arthroscopy prior to THA, the ORs for dislocation, reoperation, and revision were 2.02 (P = 0.01), 1.66 (P = 0.01), and 2.15 (P = 0.001), respectively. There were no significant between-group differences in the Harris Hip Score (HHS; P = 0.40), WOMAC (P = 0.069), FJS-12 (P = 0.77), estimated blood loss (P = 0.48), and surgical time (P = 0.16).
Conclusions: Prior hip arthroscopy is a risk for postoperative dislocation, reoperation, or revision after conversion THA. However, prior hip arthroscopy has no effect on patient-reported outcomes, or operative factors such as surgical time and blood loss.
Keywords: Complication; Dislocation; Hip arthroscopy; Meta-analysis; Systematic review; Total hip arthroplasty.
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