A Systematic Review of Partner Satisfaction After Penile Prosthesis with Special Emphasis on LGBTQ + Populations

Curr Urol Rep. 2023 Feb;24(2):105-115. doi: 10.1007/s11934-022-01126-5. Epub 2023 Jan 21.


Purpose of review: Despite the current surgical advances and patients' satisfactions after penile prosthesis (PP) implantation, there has been paucity of data on reported partner satisfaction and their quality-of-life (QoL). Our objective was to summarize the current literature on partner satisfaction for both heterosexual and non-heterosexual populations, respectively. We specifically conducted a systematic review according to the Cochrane and Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) standards, and stratified studies into three tiers by methodological rigor.

Recent findings: After an initial search of 172 articles, 33 studies met the inclusion criteria for the final review: 30 for heterosexual partner satisfaction, and 3 for LGBTQ patient satisfaction were included due to lack of published literature on partner satisfaction for LGBTQ patients. For heterosexual partner satisfaction, 10 studies were classified as Tier 1, 11 studies were classified as Tier 2, and 9 studies were classified as Tier 3. From an initial search of 13 records, three studies consisting of 272 patients met the inclusion criteria for our LGBTQ review. Across all the tiers, studies noted satisfaction rates between 50 and 90% and improved satisfaction and sexual QoL metrics compared to pre-surgery rates. That said, partner satisfaction rates were also consistently lower than patient satisfaction rates. Although the range of evidence quality varies, the available literature suggests significant improvements in and relatively high rates of partner satisfaction after PP implantation. Given the diversity of study designs and widespread use of non-validated or non-specific questionnaires in the current literature, future research should focus on prospective studies and/or data collection using validated, PP-specific questionnaires.

Keywords: Inflatable penile prosthesis; LGBTQ; Malleable penile prosthesis; Partner satisfaction; Patient satisfaction; Penile prosthesis.

Publication types

  • Systematic Review
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Erectile Dysfunction* / surgery
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Patient Satisfaction
  • Penile Implantation*
  • Penile Prosthesis*
  • Personal Satisfaction
  • Prospective Studies
  • Quality of Life
  • Sexual and Gender Minorities*