A Novel Variant in RAD21 in Cornelia De Lange Syndrome Type 4: Case Report and Bioinformatic Analysis

Genes (Basel). 2023 Jan 1;14(1):119. doi: 10.3390/genes14010119.


Cornelia de Lange Syndrome (CdLS) is a rare genetic disorder that affects many organs. The diagnosis of this condition is primarily clinical and it can be confirmed by molecular analysis of the genes known to cause this disease, although about 30% of CdLS patients are without a genetic diagnosis. Here we report clinical and genetic findings of a patient with CdLS type 4, a syndrome of which the clinical features of only 30 patients have been previously described in the literature. The index patient presented with clinical characteristics previously associated with CdLS type 4 (short nose, thick eyebrow, global development delay, synophrys, microcephaly, weight < 2DS, small hands, height < 2DS). She also presented cardiac anomalies, cleft palate and laryngomalacia, which was never described before. The index patient was diagnosed with a novel de novo&nbsp;RAD21 variant (c.1722_1723delTG, p.Gly575SerfsTer2): segregation analysis, bioinformatic analysis, population data and in silico structural modelling indicate the pathogenicity of the novel variant. This report summarizes previously reported clinical manifestations of CdLS type 4 but also highlights new clinical symptoms, which will aid correct counselling of future CdLS type 4 cases.

Keywords: Cornelia de Lange type 4; RAD21; genotype/phenotype correlation; in silico analysis; prenatal growth retardation.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Cell Cycle Proteins / genetics
  • Cleft Palate*
  • DNA-Binding Proteins / genetics
  • De Lange Syndrome* / diagnosis
  • De Lange Syndrome* / genetics
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hypertrichosis*
  • Phenotype


  • Cell Cycle Proteins
  • RAD21 protein, human
  • DNA-Binding Proteins

Grants and funding

This research received no external funding.