Association between Selenium Intake and Optimal Sleep Duration: A National Longitudinal Study

Nutrients. 2023 Jan 12;15(2):397. doi: 10.3390/nu15020397.


Inconsistent findings have been discovered in studies examining the link between dietary selenium (Se) and sleep. Data were obtained from 17,176 people aged 20 and over who participated in the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS) from 2004 to 2011. Face-to-face interviews were used to measure sleep duration in 2004, 2006, 2009, and 2011. To track dietary Se consumption, a 3-day, 24-h recall was undertaken. In the analysis, multilevel mixed-effects logistic regression was employed. The odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) of optimal sleep duration (7-9 h/day) in the regression of Model 4 were 1.00, 1.01 (0.89-1.15) and 1.19 (1.02-1.38) for the three tertiles of selenium consumption, respectively. Only overweight patients displayed a substantial positive connection between Se intake and the optimal sleep duration in the subgroup analysis. In summary, Se intake was significantly associated with optimal sleep duration.

Keywords: Chinese; adults; nutrition survey; selenium intake; sleep.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • China
  • Diet
  • Humans
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Nutrition Surveys
  • Nutritional Status
  • Selenium*
  • Sleep


  • Selenium