Multimodal Imaging, Tele-Education, and Telemedicine in Retinopathy of Prematurity

Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol. 2022 Nov 23;29(1):38-50. doi: 10.4103/meajo.meajo_56_22. eCollection 2022 Jan-Mar.


Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a disease that affects retinal vasculature in premature infants and remains one of the leading causes of blindness in childhood worldwide. ROP screening can encounter some difficulties such as the lack of specialists and services in rural areas. The evolution of technology has helped address these issues and led to the emergence of state-of-the-art multimodal digital imaging devices such fundus cameras with its variable properties, optical coherence tomography (OCT), OCT angiography, and fluorescein angiography which has helped immensely in the process of improving ROP care and understanding the disease pathophysiology. Computer-based imaging analysis and deep learning have recently been demonstrating promising outcomes in regard to ROP diagnosis. Telemedicine is considered an acceptable alternative to clinical examination when optimal circumstances for ROP screening in certain areas are lacking, and the expansion of these programs has been reported. Tele-education programs in ROP have the potential to improve the quality of training to physicians to optimize ROP care.

Keywords: Imaging; retinopathy of prematurity; tele-education; telemedicine.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Gestational Age
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Infant, Premature
  • Multimodal Imaging
  • Retinopathy of Prematurity* / diagnosis
  • Telemedicine* / methods
  • Tomography, Optical Coherence