Management of Urinary Incontinence Following Radical Prostatectomy: Challenges and Solutions

Ther Clin Risk Manag. 2023 Jan 15:19:43-56. doi: 10.2147/TCRM.S283305. eCollection 2023.


Urinary incontinence is a common and debilitating problem in patients undergoing radical prostatectomy. Current methods developed to treat urinary incontinence include conservative treatments, such as lifestyle education, pelvic muscle floor training, pharmacotherapy, and surgical treatments, such as bulking agents use, artificial urinary sphincter implants, retrourethral transobturator slings, and adjustable male sling system. Pelvic floor muscle exercise is the most common management to improve the strength of striated muscles of the pelvic floor to try to recover the sphincter weakness. Antimuscarinic drugs, phosphodiesterase inhibitors, duloxetine, and a-adrenergic drugs have been proposed as medical treatments for urinary incontinence after radical prostatectomy. Development of new surgical techniques, new surgical tools and materials, such as male slings, has provided an improvement of outcomes after UI surgery. Such improvement is still ongoing, and the uptake of new devices might lead to even better outcomes after UI surgery.

Keywords: PDE5 inhibitors; anticholinergic agents; artificial urinary sphincter; duloxetine; male slings; pelvic muscle floor exercise; radical prostatectomy; urinary incontinence.

Publication types

  • Review