Is the long-acting gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist long protocol better for patients with endometriosis undergoing IVF?

Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2023 Jul;162(1):325-332. doi: 10.1002/ijgo.14690. Epub 2023 Feb 5.

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the effect of the long-acting gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRHa) long protocol on in vitro fertilization (IVF) outcomes of patients with endometriosis (EMs).

Methods: This retrospective cohort study was carried out from July 1, 2016 to June 30, 2021. In all, 798 patients with EMs who underwent first IVF were enrolled. The patients were classified by the ovarian stimulation protocols. The clinical outcomes of IVF were compared in each group.

Results: Those EMs patients who received the long-acting GnRHa long protocol had significantly higher clinical pregnancy rate (72.00%, 60.70% and 50.90%, respectively; P = 0.047 and 0.010) and implantation rate (51.0%, 44.6%, and 38.7%, respectively; P = 0.006 and <0.001) compared with the short-acting GnRHa long protocol and the GnRH antagonist protocol. Live birth rate was also significantly higher than the GnRH antagonist protocol (60.10% vs. 40.0%, P = 0.032), but not statistically different from the short-acting GnRHa (60.10% vs. 53.80%, P = 0.443). In addition, they also had significantly higher duration of stimulation, total dose of gonadotropin, and number of high-quality embryos transferred compared with other groups (P < 0.001).

Conclusions: The long-acting GnRHa long protocol could improve IVF outcomes of patients with EMs compared with the short-acting GnRHa long protocol and the GnRH antagonist protocol.

Keywords: clinical pregnancy rate; endometriosis; in vitro fertilization; live birth rate; long-acting GnRHa.

MeSH terms

  • Endometriosis* / complications
  • Endometriosis* / drug therapy
  • Female
  • Fertilization in Vitro / methods
  • Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone*
  • Humans
  • Ovulation Induction / methods
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Rate
  • Retrospective Studies

Substances

  • Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone