Treatment of neurofibromatosis type II with anlotinib: a case report and literature review

Anticancer Drugs. 2023 Jan 24. doi: 10.1097/CAD.0000000000001502. Online ahead of print.


Patients with neurofibromatosis type II (NF2) usually require surgical treatment, but the probability of tumor recurrence remains high after surgical resection. Moreover, because most of NF2 lesions involve the facial nerve, the risk of facial nerve injury during the surgery is high. Stereotactic radiotherapy can be used to treat some cases of NF2. However, it is not recommended for treatment of multiple or large tumors, and surgical resection may be more difficult after radiotherapy. Few systemic treatments are available. At present, bevacizumab is considered the first-line drug treatment for fast-growing NF2. However, bevacizumab requires long-term administration, and tumor growth will resume after drug withdrawal. Here, we present a case of NF2 that developed exacerbations after multiple treatments with gamma knife and surgery, and achieved good results after later treatment with anlotinib. Accordingly, we propose that anlotinib may be a valuable treatment option for NF2.