This study examined the magnitude and predictors of hand hygiene compliance among 325 healthcare workers in three public hospitals of Northeastern Ethiopia using standardized observational tool. A multivariable logistic regression analysis was computed to identify factors associated with non-compliance. The overall proportion of observed hand hygiene non-compliance was 41.8% (95%CI: 36.6-48.1). Having <5 years of work experience (AOR = 1.5; 95%CI: 1.2-2.5), absence of hand washing soap (AOR = 3.1; 95%CI: 2.3-5.4), work overload (AOR = 2.5; 95%CI: 1.9-4.1), pipe water supply interruption (AOR = 2.8; 95%CI: 2.1-4.9), lack of hand hygiene training (AOR = 3.1; 95%CI: 2.2-4.4), and absence of infection prevention committee (AOR = 2.1; 95%CI: 1.5-4.9) were determinant factors for hand hygiene non-compliance. Therefore, regional health bureau and hospitals' managers should work towards the provision of regular hand hygiene trainings, uninterrupted piped water supply, hand washing soap, and establishment of functional infection prevention committee. Moreover, healthcare workers should be also committed to comply with hand hygiene.
Keywords: Hand hygiene; compliance; healthcare workers; public hospital.