Migrant health during public health emergencies: The Ebola crisis in Uganda

One Health. 2023 Jan 13;16:100488. doi: 10.1016/j.onehlt.2023.100488. eCollection 2023 Jun.

Abstract

The Ebola virus diseases (EVD) declared in Uganda in September 22, 2022, has spread to seven districts by early November, with a total of 131 confirmed cases and 48 deaths. Public health emergency response in Uganda deserves a specific and tailored approach due to the current population composition, which accounts to around 1.4 million refugees and asylum seekers. Indeed, Uganda is a potential example of how increased international connectivity has resulted in forced migration with profound impacts on global health. In consideration of the vulnerability of refugees and migrants due to poor living, housing, and working conditions, inclusive policies are even more critical during public health emergencies. Inclusivity lessons learned from COVID-19 in several settings, such as access to treatment and vaccination for all individuals regardless of nationality, residence, and legal status, would be critical to ensure wellbeing of migrants, refugees and host communities.

Keywords: Ebola; Migrants; Uganda.