Primary hyperoxaluria type 1 is a rare cause of kidney failure. Stiripentol, an inhibitor of lactate dehydrogenase A, and lumasiran, a small interfering RNA targeting glycolate oxidase, have been proposed as therapeutic options, but clinical data are scarce, especially in adults and transplanted patients. We describe the case of a 51-year-old patient with a biopsy-proven recurrence of oxalate nephropathy after a kidney-only transplantation. He received stiripentol and lumasiran without adverse events. Fourteen months after transplantation, graft function, serum, and urinary oxalate levels have remained stable, and kidney biopsy showed a complete regression of oxalate crystals. Further studies are needed to assess whether this strategy is effective and could replace liver-kidney transplantation.
Keywords: primary hyperoxaluria, kidney transplantation, recurrence, lumasiran.
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