Diabetic Foot Assessment using Skin Impedance in a Custom Made Sensor-sock

J Electr Bioimpedance. 2023 Jan 14;13(1):136-142. doi: 10.2478/joeb-2022-0019. eCollection 2022 Jan.


Diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) may lead to several changes in the skin, and some of these may influence the skin impedance spectrum. In the present study we have developed a prototype solution for skin impedance spectroscopy at selected skin sites (big toe pulp, heel and toe ball) that was tested in a pilot study on five patients with DPN and five healthy controls. At the big toe, most of the controls had markedly lower impedance than the DPN group, especially in the range of 1-100 kHz. The separation between the groups seems to be weaker at the heel and weakest at the toeball. The results may indicate that monitoring of the skin impedance spectrum may be a method for detection of skin changes associated with DPN, encouraging further studies with the big toe sensor in particular.

Keywords: Skin impedance; diabetes; diabetic foot; neuropathy.