Since 2006, ophthalmic artery chemosurgery (OAC) has been used for ocular-sparing treatment of retinoblastoma. Systemic exposure to melphalan is known to cause ovarian dysfunction, but the effect of melphalan-based OAC has not yet been determined. Here, we assess biochemical and symptomatic measures of ovarian function in a cohort of pubertal female survivors of retinoblastoma treated with melphalan-based OAC. These 13 patients all had normal gonadotropins at a median age of 11.1 years, 9.6 years from the completion of therapy. None had symptoms of ovarian dysfunction. This study provides initial evidence that ovarian function remains intact after melphalan-based OAC.
Keywords: Retinoblastoma; ovarian function; survivorship.