The γ-tubulin ring complex (γ-TuRC) has essential roles in centrosomal and non-centrosomal microtubule organization during vertebrate mitosis. While there have been important advances in understanding γ-TuRC-dependent microtubule nucleation, γ-TuRC capping of microtubule minus-ends remains poorly characterized. Here, we utilized biochemical reconstitutions and cellular assays to characterize the human γ-TuRC's capping activity. Single filament assays showed that the γ-TuRC remained associated with a nucleated microtubule for tens of minutes. In contrast, caps at dynamic microtubule minus-ends displayed lifetimes of ∼1 min. Reconstituted γ-TuRCs with nucleotide-binding deficient γ-tubulin (γ-tubulinΔGTP) formed ring-shaped complexes that did not nucleate microtubules but capped microtubule minus-ends with lifetimes similar to those measured for wild-type complexes. In dividing cells, microtubule regrowth assays revealed that while knockdown of γ-tubulin suppressed non-centrosomal microtubule formation, add-back of γ-tubulinΔGTP could substantially restore this process. Our results suggest that γ-TuRC capping is a nucleotide-binding-independent activity that plays a role in non-centrosomal microtubule organization during cell division.
© 2023 Berman et al.