Evaluating the efficacy of post-operative chemotherapy after curative resection of stage IV gastric cancer with synchronous oligo metastasis: a multicenter retrospective study

Gastric Cancer. 2023 Mar;26(2):307-316. doi: 10.1007/s10120-023-01363-8. Epub 2023 Jan 25.


Background: Surgical resection of oligo-metastasis in gastric cancer (GC) is weakly recommended for patients without other incurable factors in the Japanese GC Treatment Guidelines. While post-operative chemotherapy is the standard treatment in patients with stage II or III GC, its efficacy for resected stage IV GC is unclear. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of post-operative chemotherapy after curative resection of GC with oligo-metastasis.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients with GC who were diagnosed with synchronous oligo-metastasis at 20 institutions in Japan between 2007 and 2012. The selection criteria were: adenocarcinoma, stage IV with oligo-metastasis at liver or lymph node without other distant metastasis, curative resection including synchronous oligo-metastasis, and no prior treatment of GC before surgery.

Results: A total of 110 patients were collected. Of the 94 eligible patients, 84 underwent gastrectomy with surgical resection of oligo-metastasis (39 [41%] liver metastasis and 55, [59%] distant lymph node metastasis), followed by post-operative chemotherapy with S-1 (S1: n = 55), S1 plus cisplatin (CS: n = 22), or Others (n = 7). Moreover, 10 patients did not receive post-operative chemotherapy (Non-Cx). The median overall survival (OS) was 35.2 and 11.1 months in the post-operative chemotherapy and Non-Cx groups (hazard ratio, 3.56; 95% confidence interval, 1.74-7.30; p < 0.001), respectively. In multivariable analysis, Non-Cx and age over 70 years were identified as poor prognostic factors for OS (p < 0.05).

Conclusions: Curative resection followed by post-operative chemotherapy in patients with GC with synchronous oligo-metastasis showed favorable survival.

Keywords: Gastirc cancer; Liver metastasis; Oligo metastasis; Post-operative chemotherapy; S-1.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Cisplatin
  • Gastrectomy
  • Humans
  • Lymph Node Excision
  • Lymph Nodes / pathology
  • Neoplasm Staging
  • Prognosis
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Stomach Neoplasms* / pathology


  • Cisplatin