Validation of a fully automated chemiluminescent immunoassay for cattle serum and plasma progesterone measurement

Front Vet Sci. 2023 Jan 9;9:1064201. doi: 10.3389/fvets.2022.1064201. eCollection 2022.


Introduction: Monitoring circulating progesterone concentration ([P4]) is an important component of basic and applied reproduction research and clinical settings. IMMULITE® 2000 XPi (Siemens Healthineers, Cary, NC) is a newly upgraded fully automated immunoassay system marketed for human use to measure concentrations of different measurands including P4.

Objectives: Our objective was therefore to characterize the analytical performance of the IMMULITE® 2000 XPi P4 immunoassay (IPI) across the reportable range in serum and plasma of cattle.

Methods: The IPI validation protocols included characterization of the method linearity, within-run, and between-run precision through calculation of the coefficient of variation (CV). The method accuracy was assessed through the calculation of the spiking-recovery (SR) bias across the reportable range (0.2-40.0 ng/mL). Passing-Bablok regression and Bland-Altman plots were used to determine the interlaboratory bias for two laboratories. Three types of observed total error (TEo) were calculated based on the considered type of bias, TEoSR (spiking-recovery), TEoRB (range-based bias), and TEoAB (average-based bias).

Results: The IPI was linearly related to the true value (R 2 = 0.997) across the reportable range. The within-run and between-run precision (CV%) of the IPI for both serum and plasma [P4] of clinical relevance (1, 2, 5, and 10 ng/mL) were <5 and <10%, respectively. The TEo reported here for serum and plasma at [P4] of 1 and 5 ng/mL was ~20 and 25%, respectively. Of interest, the three types of TEo were relatively similar regardless of the considered bias.

Conclusions: We concluded that the automated IPI provides a precise, accurate, reliable, and safe method for measuring [P4] in both serum and plasma of cattle. Consistent with the manufacturer's recommendations, the serum matrix is more accurate than plasma.

Keywords: cattle; immunoassay; plasma; progesterone; serum; validation.

Grant support

Financial support for this study was sourced from the University of Florida-College of Veterinary Medicine Startup for JB.