Ethyl acetate fractions of Myrciaria floribunda, Ocotea pulchella, and Ocotea notata exhibit promising in vitro activity against Sporothrix brasiliensis isolates with low susceptibility to itraconazole

Braz J Microbiol. 2023 Mar;54(1):579-586. doi: 10.1007/s42770-023-00904-8. Epub 2023 Jan 26.


Sporothrix brasiliensis with low susceptibility isolates were described from the Brazilian zoonotic sporotrichosis hyperendemics. The aim of this work was to evaluate distinct fractions of Ocotea pulchella, Ocotea notata, Myrciaria floribunda, and Hypericum brasiliense plant extracts against itraconazole-sensitive and low susceptibility S. brasiliensis isolates. Crude extracts were tested against clinical isolates and the ATCC MYA4823 to determine the minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) and fungicidal or fungistatic activities (MFC). A high MICs and MFCs amplitude (1 - > 128 µg/mL) were obtained for seven extracts. The highest antimicrobial activities against sensitive S. brasiliensis were displayed by the ethyl acetate extracts of O. notata (MIC = 2-128 μg/mL) and M. floribunda (MIC = 1-8 μg/mL). A fungicidal effect was observed for all fraction extracts. Ocotea spp. and M. floribunda ethyl acetate extracts provide promising profiles against itraconazole-sensitive or low susceptibility S. brasiliensis. Future studies will determine if these extracts can contribute as alternative therapies to this neglected zoonosis.

Keywords: Antifungal activities; Ethyl acetate fractions; Myrciaria floribunda; Ocotea spp.; Sporothrix brasiliensis; Sporotrichosis.

MeSH terms

  • Antifungal Agents / pharmacology
  • Fungicides, Industrial* / pharmacology
  • Itraconazole / pharmacology
  • Microbial Sensitivity Tests
  • Ocotea*
  • Sporothrix*
  • Sporotrichosis* / microbiology


  • Itraconazole
  • Antifungal Agents
  • ethyl acetate
  • Fungicides, Industrial

Supplementary concepts

  • Sporothrix brasiliensis