Background: Postdischarge follow-up in primary care is an opportunity for pharmacists to re-evaluate medication use in acute kidney injury (AKI) survivors. Of the emerging AKI survivor care models described in literature, only one involved a pharmacist with limited detail about the direct impact.
Objective: This study aimed to describe pharmacist contributions to a comprehensive postdischarge AKI survivorship program in primary care (the AKI in Care Transitions [ACT] program).
Methods: The ACT program was piloted from May to December of 2021 at Mayo Clinic as a bundled care strategy for patients who survived an episode of AKI and were discharged home without the need for hemodialysis. Patients received education and care coordination from nurses before discharge and later completed postdischarge laboratory assessment and clinician follow-up in primary care. During the follow-up encounter, patients completed a 30-minute comprehensive medication management visit with a pharmacist focusing on AKI survivorship considerations. Medication therapy recommendations were communicated to a collaborating primary care provider (PCP) before a separate 30-minute visit with the patient. PCPs had access to clinical decision support with evidence-based post-AKI care recommendations. Medication-related issues were summarized descriptively.
Results: Pharmacists made 28 medication therapy recommendations (median 3 per patient, interquartile range 2-3) and identified 14 medication discrepancies for the 11 patients who completed the pilot program, and 86% of the medication therapy recommendations were acted on by the PCP within 7 days. Six recommendations were made to initiate renoprotective medications, and 5 were acted on (83%).
Conclusion: During the pilot phase of a multifaceted transitional care program for AKI survivors, pharmacists' successfully identified and addressed multiple medication therapy problems, including for renally active drugs. These results demonstrate the potential for pharmacist-provider collaborative visits in primary care to improve safe and effective medication use in AKI survivors.
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