Vertical sleeve gastrectomy (VSG), the most utilized bariatric procedure in clinical practice, greatly reduces body weight and improves a variety of metabolic disorders. However, one of its long-term complications is bone loss and increased risk of fracture. Elevated circulating sclerostin (SOST) and granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) concentrations have been considered as potential contributors to VSG-associated bone loss. To test these possibilities, we administrated antibodies to SOST or G-CSF receptor and investigated alterations to bone and marrow niche following VSG. Neutralizing either SOST or G-CSF receptor did not alter beneficial effects of VSG on adiposity and hepatic steatosis, and anti-SOST treatment provided a further improvement to glucose tolerance. SOST antibodies partially reduced trabecular and cortical bone loss following VSG by increasing bone formation, whereas G-CSF receptor antibodies had no effects on bone mass. The expansion in myeloid cellularity and reductions in bone marrow adiposity seen with VSG were partially eliminated by treatment with Anti-G-CSF receptor. Taken together, these experiments demonstrate that antibodies to SOST or G-CSF receptor may act through independent mechanisms to partially block effects of VSG on bone loss or marrow niche cells, respectively.
Keywords: Bone loss; Bone marrow adipose tissue; G-CSF receptor; SOST; Sclerostin; Vertical sleeve gastrectomy.
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