Proteomic study of mesothelial and endothelial cross-talk: key lessons

Expert Rev Proteomics. 2022 Jul-Dec;19(7-12):289-296. doi: 10.1080/14789450.2023.2174851. Epub 2023 Feb 6.


Introduction: The peritoneum, pleura, and pericardium are yet understudied multicellular systems where mesothelial cells (MCs) and endothelial cells (ECs) are in close proximity. Crosstalk between these cell types likely plays role in molecular transport, immunological reactions, and metabolic processes in health, disease, and therapeutic intervention.

Areas covered: In this review, we discuss recent proteomic efforts to characterize the crosstalk between MC and EC. We describe the proteomic methods necessary for investigation of crosstalk between MC and EC, as well as the in-vitro models that can be employed. Potential experimental approaches range from conditioned medium, via co-culture on semi-permeable membranes, to 3D cell culture based organoid models. While the biological and clinical relevance of the models may increase with their ability to mimic close cell communication, the practicality of these complex experiments corresponds vice versa, making standardization more difficult and expensive.

Expert opinion: Currently, data and reports on mesothelial-to-endothelial crosstalk are still very scarce. In our opinion, the in-vitro model using semi-permeable cell culture inserts will allow to establish a basic understanding of cellular crosstalk that may occur between those cell types. Later-on, more sophisticated 3D cell cultures may be better able to simulate the transport dynamics within the peritoneal membrane.

Keywords: Endothelial cells; cross-talk; mesothelial cells; proteomics; secretome.

Publication types

  • Review
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Endothelial Cells* / metabolism
  • Epithelial Cells* / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Peritoneum
  • Proteomics / methods