Background: Gastroesophageal reflux (GER) has been associated with several upper- and lower-airway diseases. It would be plausible if nightly occurring reflux via laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) might affect the upper airways. Still, the role of nocturnal gastroesophageal reflux (nGER) in chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is not fully established. The aim of this population-based study was to investigate the association between nGER and CRS.
Methodology: This cross-sectional population-based study comprises 1,111 randomly selected subjects from Gothenburg, Sweden, aged 50-64 years. The study is based on self-reported validated questionnaires. CRS was defined according to EPOS criteria. nGER was reported in relation to frequency.
Results: CRS was more common among subjects with nGER than in those without (13 vs. 4.8%). There was a dose-response association between the frequency of nGER episodes and the risk of having CRS. In the logistic regression adjusted for (age, sex, BMI, educational level, smoking, and asthma). CRS was associated with nGER, OR 1.43 and the odds ratio increased if episodes were reported 'almost every night' OR 4.6.
Conclusions: The study shows an association between nocturnal GER and CRS in a middle-aged population. The revealed dose dependency supports, though does not prove causality.