FTO-dependent m6A modification of Plpp3 in circSCMH1-regulated vascular repair and functional recovery following stroke

Nat Commun. 2023 Jan 30;14(1):489. doi: 10.1038/s41467-023-36008-y.


Vascular repair is considered a key restorative measure to improve long-term outcomes after ischemic stroke. N6-methyladenosine (m6A), the most prevalent internal modification in eukaryotic mRNAs, functionally mediates vascular repair. However, whether circular RNA SCMH1 (circSCMH1) promotes vascular repair by m6A methylation after stroke remains to be elucidated. Here, we identify the role of circSCMH1 in promoting vascular repair in peri-infarct cortex of male mice and male monkeys after photothrombotic (PT) stroke, and attenuating the ischemia-induced m6A methylation in peri-infarct cortex of male mice after PT stroke. Mechanically, circSCMH1 increased the translocation of ubiquitination-modified fat mass and obesity-associated protein (FTO) into nucleus of endothelial cells (ECs), leading to m6A demethylation of phospholipid phosphatase 3 (Plpp3) mRNA and subsequently the increase of Plpp3 expression in ECs. Our data demonstrate that circSCMH1 enhances vascular repair via FTO-regulated m6A methylation after stroke, providing insights into the mechanism of circSCMH1 in promoting stroke recovery.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adenosine / metabolism
  • Alpha-Ketoglutarate-Dependent Dioxygenase FTO* / genetics
  • Alpha-Ketoglutarate-Dependent Dioxygenase FTO* / metabolism
  • Animals
  • Endothelial Cells / metabolism
  • Infarction
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Phosphatidate Phosphatase* / genetics
  • Phosphatidate Phosphatase* / metabolism
  • RNA, Circular*
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism
  • Stroke* / genetics
  • Stroke* / therapy


  • Adenosine
  • Alpha-Ketoglutarate-Dependent Dioxygenase FTO
  • FTO protein, mouse
  • RNA, Circular
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Plpp3 protein, mouse
  • Phosphatidate Phosphatase