ST elevation myocardial infarction - national trend analysis with mortality differences in outcomes based on day of hospitalization

Coron Artery Dis. 2023 Mar 1;34(2):119-126. doi: 10.1097/MCA.0000000000001211. Epub 2022 Dec 23.


Background: Patientswho present with acute ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) need emergent revascularization. Our study aims to investigate the outcomes in patients with STEMI admitted during weekends versus weekdays.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective analysis of the nationwide inpatient sample database. Patients with an admitting diagnosis of STEMI identified by the International Classification of Disease code for the year 2016 were analyzed. A weighted descriptive analysis was performed to generate national estimates. Patients admitted over the weekend were compared to those admitted over the weekday. Patients were stratified by demographic and clinical factors including the Elixhauser comorbidity index. The primary outcome was in-hospital mortality and secondary outcomes were percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) utilization rate, rate of transfer-out, length of stay (LOS), and total hospital charges. Statistical analysis including linear and logistic regression was performed using STATA.

Results: A total of 163 715 adult patients were admitted with STEMI, of which 27.9% (45 635) were admitted over the weekend. There were 76.2% Caucasians, 9.3% African Americans, and 8.0% Hispanics. Mean age of the patients was 63.2 years (95% CI, 62.9-63.5) for the weekend group and 63.7 years (95% CI, 63.5-63.9) for weekday admissions. The majority of the patients in both groups had Medicare (43.7% and 45.8% on weekends and weekdays, respectively; P = 0.0047). After adjusting for age, sex, race, income, Elixhauser comorbidity index, PCI use, hospital location, teaching status, and bed size, mortality was not significantly different in weekend versus weekday admissions (odds ratios 1.04; P = 0.498; 95% CI, 0.93-1.16). There was no significant difference in mean total charge per admission during the weekend versus weekday admissions ($107 093 versus $106 869; P = 0.99.) Mean LOS was 4.1 days for both groups (P = 0.81).

Conclusions: There were no significant differences in mortality, LOS, or total hospital charge in STEMI patients being admitted during the weekend versus weekdays.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Hospital Mortality
  • Hospitalization
  • Humans
  • Length of Stay
  • Medicare
  • Middle Aged
  • Patient Admission
  • Percutaneous Coronary Intervention*
  • Retrospective Studies
  • ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction* / diagnosis
  • ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction* / therapy
  • Time Factors
  • United States / epidemiology