A deep reinforcement learning-based wireless body area network offloading optimization strategy for healthcare services

Health Inf Sci Syst. 2023 Jan 28;11(1):8. doi: 10.1007/s13755-023-00212-3. eCollection 2023 Dec.


Wireless body area network (WBAN) is widely adopted in healthcare services, providing remote real-time and continuous healthcare monitoring. With the massive increase of detective sensor data, WBAN is largely restricted by limited storage and computation capacity, resulting in severely decreased efficiency and reliability. Mobile edge computing (MEC) technique can be combined with WBAN to resolve this issue. This paper studies the joint optimization problem of computational offloading and resource allocation (JCORA) in MEC for healthcare service scenarios. We formulate JCORA as a Markov decision process and propose a deep deterministic policy gradient-based WBAN offloading strategy (DDPG-WOS) to optimize time delay and energy consumption in interfered transmission channels. This scheme employs MEC to mitigate the computation pressure on a single WBAN and increase the transmission ability. Further, DDPG-WOS optimizes the offloading strategy-making process by considering the channel condition, transmission quality, computation ability and energy consumption. Simulation results verify the effectiveness of the proposed optimization schema in reducing energy consumption and computation latency and increasing the utility of WBAN compared to two competitive solutions.

Keywords: Deep reinforcement learning; Mobile edge computing; Offloading policy; Wireless body area networks.