German general practitioners' experiences during the COVID-19 pandemic and how it affected their patient care: A qualitative study

Eur J Gen Pract. 2023 Dec;29(2):2156498. doi: 10.1080/13814788.2022.2156498. Epub 2023 Feb 1.


Background: General practitioners (GPs) play a significant role in providing medical care to patients affected by the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Little is known about the impact of the pandemic on patient care from the perspective of GPs.

Objectives: To gain insight into GPs' experiences of the COVID-19 pandemic and its impact on patient care in Germany.

Methods: From August to December 2020, qualitative, semi-structured telephone interviews were conducted with 22 GPs from four randomly selected federal states in Germany. We analysed the data according to Kuckartz's method of content analysis.

Results: Five themes emerged: changes in healthcare system, practice routines, patient care, personal life, and improving health crisis preparedness. Communication with authorities and following rapidly changing guidelines were the biggest challenges during the pandemic. Teamwork and collegial exchange in the practice were seen as important sources of support to overcome these barriers. Participants stated that they managed to secure care but expressed concerns about how social distancing might affect the doctor-patient relationship. In their professional and private lives, GPs perceived themselves as role models with a high responsibility for the health of others. Consistent guidance by health authorities and reliable information were raised as necessary for managing patient care in the pandemic.

Conclusion: Findings show that patient care was successful but GPs' adaptation to unprecedented conditions was limited by poor communication and collaboration with health authorities. Therefore, providing adequate support services by policymakers is essential to strengthen primary care in future health crises.

Keywords: COVID-19 pandemic; doctor-patient-relationship; general practice; qualitative study; team cohesion.

MeSH terms

  • Attitude of Health Personnel
  • COVID-19*
  • General Practitioners*
  • Humans
  • Pandemics
  • Patient Care
  • Physician-Patient Relations
  • Qualitative Research