Systematic Review of Social Determinants of Health Associated With HIV Testing Among Hispanic/Latino Gay, Bisexual, and Other Men Who Have Sex With Men in the United States

AIDS Educ Prev. 2023 Feb;35(1):36-S6. doi: 10.1521/aeap.2023.35.1.36.


This systematic review synthesized published literature (January 2008-October 2021) about the association between social determinants of health (SDOH) and HIV testing among Hispanic/Latino gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (HLMSM), a group disproportionally affected by HIV. Having higher education than a high school diploma, health insurance and access to health care services, and visiting a health care provider in the past 12 months were some of the determinants associated with HIV testing, while limited English proficiency was associated with reduced odds of HIV-testing among HLMSM. More research is needed to understand the relationship of SDOH (especially neighborhood) and HIV testing, how SDOH may affect HIV testing among different HLMSM groups, and how to increase self-testing and use of e-health in this priority population. Additionally, culturally and linguistically appropriate multilevel interventions and health services for HLMSM are urgently needed to diagnose HIV as early as possible after infection.

Keywords: HIV testing; Hispanic; Latino; men who have sex with men; social determinants of health.

Publication types

  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • HIV Infections* / prevention & control
  • HIV Testing
  • Hispanic or Latino
  • Homosexuality, Male
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Sexual and Gender Minorities*
  • Social Determinants of Health
  • United States / epidemiology