Objectives: By better understanding the long-term effects of COVID-19 and assessing rehabilitation placement among the patients in our study, we hope to determine the predictors of rehabilitation needs in individuals suffering from the long-term sequelae of COVID-19.
Methods: A retrospective chart review was performed of adult patients with a positive COVID-19 polymerase chain reaction test among multiple hospitals in a regional health system. The main outcomes measured were discharge disposition, total length of hospital stay, and overall all-cause mortality and readmission rates within 30 and 90 days of discharge.
Results: Of the 2502 patients included in the study, we found that 65.2% were discharged to home, while the remaining patients were discharged to home healthcare (33.6%), skilled nursing facilities (31.7%), or long-term acute rehabilitation centers (11.6%). The overall all-cause mortality rate at 30 and 90 days were 2.7% and 4.4%, respectively. The overall all-cause 30-day and 90-day readmission rates were 7.0% and 7.6%, respectively.
Conclusion: Younger age and shorter hospitalization stays were the most important predictors of home discharge. Discharge to home was also significantly associated with lower all-cause mortality rates at 30 and 90 days after discharge.
Keywords: Age; COVID-19; Discharge disposition; Length of stay; Mortality; Rehabilitation.
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